Research

Dr Genova is a senior research scientist in Neuropsychology & Neuroscience Research at Kessler Foundation.
Researchers from Kessler Foundation, West Orange, NJ, have found a link between the inability to recognize emotions expressed by facial features and the white matter damage that occurs after traumatic brain injury (TBI).
LevelCheck software clearly labels each vertebra in this X-ray image taken just before a patient's spinal surgery. Note the pin to the left of L3. L and S stand for the lumbar and sacral regions of the spine, respectively.
(Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins Medicine.)
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a software program that works seamlessly with currently available procedures to assist a surgeon's determination of which vertebra is which.
An expanded indication for onabotulinum toxin A (Botox) recently received FDA approval to treat adults with upper limb spasticity. The new approval follows the FDA's nod in 2010 to treat spasticity in the flexor muscles of the elbow, wrist, and fingers in adults, which often occurs after stroke, TBI, or the progression of MS.
Long used as a pain reliever by patents affected by arthritis, acetaminophen was recently tested for its effectiveness in management of spinal pain and osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Researchers found that the drug underperformed, and even suggested physical treatment as a mainstay solution.
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Therapists who treat stroke cases may want to be alert to the psychological state of that patient population, with a recent study showing stroke patients are up to twice as likely to commit suicide as the rest of the population. Risk is especially high within the first 2 years of a stroke, according to the study published in the journal Neurology.
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Surgical decompression and physical therapy appear to be neck-and-neck in the benefits they provide for treating patents affected by lumbar spinal stenosis after 2 years, according to a new study. The decision to have surgery should be informed by full disclosure of evidence involving surgical and nonsurgical treatments for lumbar spinal stenosis, the study leader says.
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Researchers at the University of Missouri have established a model that identifies aging as a key factor in the development of dysphagia, rather than a symptom of undiagnosed ALS or Parkinson's disease. The new findings may help point to therapeutic treatments for the swallowing disorder, said to affect nearly 40% of Americans age 60 years and older.
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Up to 25% of whiplash patients are said to be affected by long-term pain and disability as a result of whiplash-related injury. Identifying the probability of these potential long-term effects may have just become easier with special MRI technology begin evaluated by Northwestern Medicine.
The walking assist clutch was developed as a non-powered exoskeleton that reduces the energy expended for walking. (Image courtesy of UNC Chapel Hill.)
Recovery from stroke or orthopedic injury may get a big assist from a lightweight, unpowered exoskeleton designed to be worn on the ankle that reduces the energy needed to walk by approximately 7%, or the equivalent of removing a 10-pound weight.
A brain-controlled wheelchair designed to be operated reliably and safely over long periods of time via "shared control" technology. Device designer José del R. Millán says the wheelchair illustrates the future of intelligent neuroprostheses. (Image courtesy of José del R. Millán)
Technology is emerging that decodes intention directly from a user's brain. One of these devices is a brain-controlled wheelchair, currently under evaluation to determine whether it can operate under the rigors of daily use by individuals who are affected by varying types of disability.
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As the number of joint replacement procedures explode there is a concurrent need for treatment that minimizes hospitalization costs and improves postoperative pain symptoms. As part of a treatment strategy that helps achieve these aims, a group of Minnesota-based researchers recently debuted the Rapid Recovery Protocol.
Imaging of burns indicates that those treated with the FL2 inhibitor nanotechnology experienced collagen deposition and hair follicle formation. (2-photo confocal microscopy) Credit: Vera DesMarais/Albert Einstein College of Medicine
The next leap forward in treatment of chronic wounds may spring from a genetic tweak that appears capable of shrinking healing time by half. This accelerated healing, under a study led by David J. Sharp, PhD, at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, is triggered by a nanoparticle that allows skin cells to more quickly reach damaged areas of the dermis.
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At least four key quality measures reveal that men are more greatly affected by complications associated with total joint replacement than women. The findings reverse common thinking that women undergo the procedure less frequently than men because women experienced worse outcomes.
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A new generation of nursing care beds was recently unveiled by Nuremberg-based Hermann Bock GmbH at the Altenpflege geriatric care trade fair. The new Bock “ultra low” beds are designed to be set to single-centimeter heights to allow for comfortable sleeping positions, according to a media release from Hermann Bock GmbH.
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Relief for chronic plantar fasciitis can be elusive, with the condition resolving and recurring over time. Recently, however, percutaneous ultrasonic fasciotomy was used to successfully treat plantar fasciitis, suggesting that safe and effective definitive treatment may not be far off.
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Good fitness in midlife appears help assure brain health as an older adult. According to new research led at Boston University School of Medicine poor physical fitness among people in their 40s is correlated with lower brain volumes among those people by the time they reach age 60 years.
The intelligence of an individual affected by cerebral palsy (CP) may be higher than what that person's cognitive impairment might suggest. Thanks to a newly developed helmet fitted designed with a brain-computer interface, children with CP may soon have access to a device that assures they receive a level of education and therapy matched to their true abilities.
Cross section rat spinal cord. Immunostaining: axons (red), synapses (green), motor neurons (blue). Source: DZNE/Jörg Ruschel
The search for a healing agent for spinal cord injuries got an unexpected helping hand recently from a cancer drug. Researchers reported in the journal Science that epothilone, known among cancer treatment circles as a cytotoxin, reduces the formation of scar tissue and stimulates damaged nerve cells to grow in an animal model. A team of […]
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Age-related brain damage does not reduce the movement ability of older adults who have a healthy healthy level of physical activity, according to a study that recently appeared in the online version of Neurology. The study suggests physical activity could counter the effects of brain aging on walking and movement control among older adults.
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Aspirin may not always be the therapeutic agent it seems for preventing stroke and heart attack. In fact, among patients who exhibit a resistance to aspirin, the risk of a severe stroke is higher than among those who are not resistant. The findings were revealed in a study led by Mi Sun Oh, MD, of Hallym University College of Medicine in South Korea.