Research

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The adjustability and predictability of pediatric support surfaces are critical in the prevention of pressure injuries, according to two recent studies.
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Different types of stem cells vary in their ability to restore function after spinal cord injury, according to a recently published literature review.
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The use of a mobility assessment tool may be predictive of early postoperative complications, longer hospital stays, and discharges to nursing homes among older patients.
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As people’s mobility and activity levels increase following knee replacement surgery, they may be putting themselves at risk for hip or spinal fractures down the line, a study suggests.
Shown here is a toddler using a Go Baby Go modified toy car. (Photo courtesy of Oregon State University)
Opportunities for young children with disabilities to play and explore their world in the same manner as their non-disabled peers are big factors in their future development, according to research.
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More than 19 million seniors in Europe may currently be affected by sarcopenia. By 2045, its prevalence may rise by 63.8%.
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Nature Neuroscience includes a recent study identifying an underlying cause of immune suppression in patients with high-level spinal cord injuries, and proposing a possible treatment.
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The discovery of a new pathway leading to the regeneration of central nervous system (CNS) brain cells (neurons) in a type of roundworm (C. elegans) may help lead to treatments that help enhance nerve cell regeneration in humans with spinal cord injury and paralysis.
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Transplanting genetically modified umbilical cord blood cells to the site of a spinal cord injury may enhance post-traumatic spinal cord regeneration, a recent study suggests.
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Rather than being responsible for blocking neuronal regrowth, which has been commonly thought, astrocytes may actually be required for repair and regrowth following spinal cord injury.
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Cryoablation may be a promising therapy to help relieve the chronic pain emanating from a phantom limb.
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Using a wireless electrical device, stimulation of an area deep in the brain may be able to block pain signals at the spinal cord level without the use of opioids.
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A session of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may help improve concussion-related symptoms, according to two recently published case reports.
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A team of scientists report success in directing stem cells to regenerate damaged spinal cord tissue in rats.
Pictured here is a confocal micrograph taken from the lesion core after a spinal cord injury. Nuclear EdU (red) shows the presence of newly differentiated cells, which produce Schwann cell myelin (P0, green). These peripheral-like Schwann cells remyelinate central axons in the injured spinal cord and are important for spontaneous repair and functional recovery after spinal cord injury. (Photo courtesy of King’s College London)
Researchers at King’s College London and the University of Oxford suggest that a molecular signal known as neuregulin-1 acts to help repair the spinal cord after injury.
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Researchers from University of Oxford suggest that the application of a low electric current to the brains of poststroke patients may help improve their hand and arm function.
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Older persons who practiced tai chi were reportedly less likely to experience an injury-causing fall than those who received lower-extremity training (LET).
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An artificial fingertip that was surgically connected to the nerves of an amputee’s upper arm has helped enable the amputee to feel smoothness and roughness in real time in his phantom hand.
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Combining peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) with constraint-induced therapy (CIT) may help stroke patients recover movement in the affected arm and hand—even more than 1 year after a stroke—according to recent research.
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A brain-machine interface (BMI) developed by neuroscientists at Duke Health has reportedly enabled rhesus monkeys to drive a robotic wheelchair using their thoughts.