Research

Research
Researchers suggest that, in order to effectively treat pressure ulcers in patients with spinal cord injury, anti-inflammatory measures should be applied very early in their development.
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Street noise is nothing new, but modern day science has learned something new about the clamor of traffic: it increases stroke risk for older adults.
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A 3-year follow-up to a randomized clinical trial suggests that the use of olfactory mucosa lamia propria (OLP) transplants could be a “promising and safe” way to treat spinal cord injury.
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Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) studying imaging results from post-concussion patients have suggested that there may be distinct injury patterns in the brains of those with concussion-related depression and anxiety.
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According to results published recently in The BMJ, researchers reportedly say in a news release that the benefits of arthroscopic surgery for middle-aged or older patients with persistent knee pain are “inconsequential.”
Linxia Gu, associate professor of mechanical and materials engineering, is lead author in a study that examines how improvised explosive devices impact blood vessel networks and can lead to traumatic brain injury. (Photo credit: University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Blast waves from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) that are placed throughout combat zones in the Middle East may strain on the brain more greatly than previously thought, researchers suggest.
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A new study from Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden and published in Scientific Reports suggests that human stem cells transplanted into the injured spinal cord may help contribute to the restoration of some sensory functions lost due to avulsion injuries.
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The use of autologous stem cell therapy in children after experiencing a traumatic brain injury (TBI) may help reduce the number of interventions needed to treat the child and keep him/her out of the danger zone. It may also help reduce the amount of time the child spends in neurointensive care.
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Researchers following three generations of the same family say they are discovering new insights into the genetic cause of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), otherwise known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.
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Controversy surrounds when, how, and why children should become single-sport athletes, in addition to pinpointing a competitive level that defines early sport specialization. A group of orthopedists decided to find the waypoint where overuse injuries loom largest.
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The fine dexterity engineered into robotic hands is reaching levels that rival the real thing, yet sensory feedback lags so far behind that visual monitoring is still required for optimum use. Three up-and-coming interfaces are aiming to bring the sense of touch and feeling much closer to reality.
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Results from a study published recently in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation suggest that after undergoing strategy-based cognitive training, veterans and civilians with traumatic brain injury (TBI) demonstrated improved cognitive performance and psychological and neural health.
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Canadian researchers note that they have recently discovered a critical role that microglia—a class of cells present in the brain and spinal cord—play in the development of chronic pain.
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Several orthopedic surgeons recently analyzed and quantified the most frequently cited papers in lumbar spine surgery and to measure their impact on the entire lumbar spine literature. The results of their effort demonstrate the trends that are occurring specific to this subspecialty in healthcare.
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When a wearable low-intensity therapeutic ultrasound device was recently tested on humans, at least 75% of the study subjects who used the device demonstrated a minimum 20% increase in daily activity after receiving 6 weeks of ultrasound therapy daily.
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Findings from a study presented recently at the European Congress of Endocrinology suggest that lack of physical activity may not be a cause of obesity, but rather a result of poor motor skills associated with the condition.
Constantine Demetracopoulos, MD, attending orthopedic surgeon at HSS and the study's principal investigator.
Researchers at the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) in New York City, per a news release from HSS, recently received a $20,000 grant from the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society to compare total ankle replacement (ankle arthroplasty) and ankle fusion (ankle arthrodesis) surgeries as treatments for ankle arthritis.
Per a news release from Medscape, results from a 20-patient controlled study presented recently at the International Stroke Conference 2015 suggest that vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) could be a safe and feasible aid to rehabilitation in stroke patients.
Tolou Shokuhfar and colleagues are developing techniques using 3D bioprinting to generate human tissue. (Image courtesy of Michigan Technological University.)
Researchers at Michigan Technological University report that they hope to use a newly acquired 3D bioprinter to create synthesized nerve tissue. This goal hinges, however, on the successful creation of a “bioink” or printable tissue. The material could help regenerate damaged nerves for patients affected by spinal cord injuries.
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A study published in the journal Acta Neuropathologica suggests that head injuries that repeatedly occur during contact sports activities or military service may accelerate the aging process by increasing the build-up of beta amyloid in the brain, leading to an increased likelihood of developing dementia.